- An adverb tells more about a verb. It can tell how, when, where, or why an action takes place.
She quickly ran to the store.
- A relative adverb introduces a group of words, or a clause, that tells more about a noun. Relative adverbs can be used instead of a relative pronoun plus a preposition. There are three main relative adverbs: where, when, and why.
This is the store in which I bought my backpack. (relative pronoun plus preposition)
This is the store where I bought my backpack. (relative adverb)
- The relative adverb where means “in which” or “at which” and is used to refer to a place.
This is the place where we met.
- The relative adverb when means “in which” or “at which” and is used to refer to a time expression.
Noon is the time when we eat lunch.
- The relative adverb why means “for which” and is used to refer to a reason.
I don’t know the reason why Larry isn’t in class today.
When you are ready, follow the link below to practice using relative adverbs.