2.1 Key Ideas and Details

Model

Read the passage below.

Memphis became a city in 1849. The land was good
for growing things, so many farmers moved to Memphis
to grow cotton.

The city started to get bigger. A disease called yellow fever spread through Memphis in the 1870s. As a result, thousands of people died. Many people left the city, but later came back.

 
  

Clue words or phrases are words that tell you about cause
and effect. Some clue words that tell you about cause
and effect include because, so, and since. This selection
has a phrase that gives clues.

Look at the phrase as a result. The word result means
“something that happens because of something else.”

Now ask: What happened?

Then ask: Why did this happen?

The answers to these questions will show you cause and effect.

What happened?

A disease called yellow fever spread through Memphis in the 1870s. As a result, thousands of people died.

 
  
    • Thousands of people died. This is what happened.
      It is the effect.

Why did it happen?

A disease called yellow fever spread through Memphis in the 1870s. As a result, thousands of people died.

 
  

The cause should answer why the effect happened.

    • The cause is that a disease called yellow fever spread
      through Memphis. This is why thousands of people died.

Now you are ready to describe connections in historical text
on your own. Click the Practice button below.